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YANGON



Yangon, the capital city, is the main gateway to Myanmar. Evergreen and cool with lush tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes. Although Yangon was the capital of Myanmar for little more than a hundred years before Naypyidaw was designated as the capital in 2005, its root goes back many centuries. Yangon is located at the convergence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers. The city is situated in the delta region and is 31kms from the sea. There are three main seasons in this city. The rainy season starts from June and continues till October. Winter season in Yangon is from November to February and the dry summer season is from March till May. The winter season in Yangon is less humid and cooler than the remaining months.Yangon is the country’s main center for trade, industry, real estate, media, entertainment and tourism. The Shwedagon Pagoda or stupa is also called the Golden Pagoda and it is situated in Yangon, Myanmar. The exact height of the Stupa is 321.5 feet. Shwedagon Pagoda The Shwedagon Pagoda is located to the west of the Kandawgyi Lake. Shwedagon Pagoda is the most scared and impressive Buddhist site for the Myanmar people. Shwedagon Pagoda is covered with hundreds of gold plates and the top of the stupa is encrusted with 4531 diamonds; the largest of which is a 72 carat diamond. It is clearly one of the wonders of the religious world. Shwedagon Pagoda is a repository of the best in Myanmar heritage-architecture, sculpture and arts. At the pagoda platform consists hundreds colorful temples, stupas and statues that reflects the architectural era spanning almost a 2500 years.

Bogyoke Aung San Market,The market was first built and inaugurated on the present premises in 1926. It was named Scott Market after Mr. C. Scott, the then Municipal Commissioner. Nowadays, it is called Bogyoke Aung San Market in honor of our national leader General Aung San. Bogyoke Aung San MarketIt is known for its colonial architecture and inner cobblestone streets. It has the largest selection of Myanmar souvenirs you can find under one roof. Over 2000 shops and the largest selection of Myanmar handicrafts will find under several roofs, the market is a fantastic opportunity to smile, laugh and haggle alongside local shoppers. Visitors can buy a variety of interesting Myanmar lacquerware, gems and jewellery at this market.The market is situated in the centre of Yangon, just a walking distance from Sule Pagoda and Traders Hotel. It is situated on the Bogyoke Aung San Road. Strand Jetty It is situated near the famous ”Strand Hotel”, there are many people crossing he Yangon River from the other side of the city, called Dalah. Ocean going steamers and ships are also at theJetty. The river can also be crossed by ferryboat for sightseeing.

Chaukhtatgyi Pagoda Chaukhtatgyi Pagoda One of Myanmar’s more beautiful reclining buddhas, the placid face of the Chaukhtatgyi Buddha is topped by a crown encrusted in diamonds and other precious stones. Housed in a large metal-roofed shed, only a short distance northern side of Shwe Dagon Pagoda. The image is 72 meters long reclining Buddha image is the biggest colossal reclining Buddha image in Myanmar. Work on this image started in 1899, the donor named U Hpo Thar. In 1957, it was demolished and rebuilt to this structure and completed in 1966. The uniqueness of the image is the glass mosaic on the sole of its feet representing the 108 special characteristics of the Buddha. The image had then had a length of 195 feet (59.28m) and a height of 100 feet (30.4m) from the surface of the couch to the halo round the head with the height of the couch itself 5 feet 6 inches above the platform. Extensive reconstruction completed in 1973 extended the length of the image to 216 feet (65.85m) with the height of the couch however, reduced to 4 feet (1.22m). Originally the axis of the head turned towards the west and the visage faced the south, but the reconstructed image has the head aligned towards the east and the visage facing north.

Sule Pagoda Sule Pagoda Sule Pagoda is situated in the middle of the business centre of Yangon. It is one of oldest pagoda, over 2000 years old. Situated in the center of Yangon; right side from the Yangon City Hall, the Sule Pagoda is an excellent landmark. The pagoda is said to enshrine a hair of the Buddha: its Mon name, “Kyaik Athok” translates as “the pagoda where a Sacred Hair Relic is enshrined”. The golden pagoda is unusual in that its octagonal shape continues right up to the bell and inverted bowl. It stands 46 meters (152 feet) high and is surrounded by small shops and the non-religious services of astrologists, palmists, and so on. Botahtaung Pagoda Botahtaung Pagoda is named after the thousand military leaders who escorted the sacred Buddha relic all the way from India to Myanmar some 2000 years ago. Pagoda spire rises to 40 metres (132 feet).The Pagoda is hollow inside and gives you an opportunity to walk through it. Within the glass showcases of the pagoda displays ancients relics and artifacts. The golden spire of the pagoda rises to a height of 40 m. Kaba Aye (World Peace) Pagoda and Maha Pasana Cave The building of Kaba Aye meaning World Peace started in 1950 and was completed in 1952. The Pagoda rises to a height of 111-feet and measures 34 meters around the base. Close to Kaba Aye Pagoda is the Maha Pasana Guha (The Great Cave), and extraordinary artificial cave specifically constructed to hold the Sixth Buddhist Synod( 1954-56). The cave was modeled on the Satta Panni Cave in India where the First Buddhist SynodBritish War Cemetery took place three months after the demise of Gautama Buddha. The cave is still used to hold grand religious ceremonies such as World Buddhist conference. The stairways of the Pagoda is full of vendors who try to sell their hand made products to incoming devotees.

China Town The Chinatown of Yangon lies west of the Sule Pagoda which is located in the centre of downtown Yangon. A variety of restaurants, gold and jewelery stores, mini-markets lies at the roadside and food stalls dispense steaming dishes and snacks. Fruit vendors offer the seasonal fruit. The Guang Dong Kwan Yin Temple, established about 170 years ago is located between the busy Latha and 20th Streets in ChinaTown. Most of the Chinese live in this part of the city as which forms a town of their own. Business is blooming in this area and it has become a place as a tourist attraction too. During the Chinese New Year holiday, this part of the city is most crowded and red decorations can be seen everywhere. Walking through the Chinatown can give one an amazing experience. British War Cemetery It is located at Htaukkyant, about 32 km from Yangon on the road to Bago, there is a memorial cemetery of Allied soldiers who died in the Burma Campaign during World War II. The cemetery’s beautifully kept compound has 27,000 tombstones of fallen Common Wealth and Allied soldiers. National Museum National Museum Pyay Road, about a few minutes away from downtown, the newly built five-storied museum will let you know the glory of Myanmar. It exhibits the Lion Throne of the last Myanmar king, royal regalia of 19th century Myanmar kingdom, artifacts of various ancient periods, articles of cultural heritage and archaeological value, art and craft articles, weaponry, musical instruments and paintings. Karaweik Hall Karaweik Hall is one of the landmarks of Yangon, standing in the Kandawgyi Lake (Royal Lake). This modern architecture is built in the shape of the mythical creature Karaweik bird. It has 3 floors including a ceremonial hall. This wholly gilded building is about 20 years old.





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